Phase 1 of the Wildlife in Livelihood Development (WILD) Programme, an initiative of Sustainable Agriculture Technology (SAT) and the Zimbabwe Wild Vet Trust (ZWVT), is funded by the European Union and is aimed at improving socio-economic and ecological resilience in semi-arid communal areas of Zimbabwe through incorporation of robust wildlife-based land-use enterprise into the mainstream of communal economies.
The Communal Areas Management Programme For Indigenous Resources (CAMPFIRE), initiated in Zimbabwe in the 1980’s as a world leader in sustainable Community Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM), currently encompasses some 50,000 km2 – roughly equal in extent to the National Parks and Wildlife Estate – and, as such, is of vital importance to promotion of wildlife and ecosystem conservation, wildlife-based land use and tourism in Zimbabwe.
In an exciting new phase of CBNRM evolution, the WILD Programme seeks to pilot sustainable alternative models to empower communities to participate more centrally in, and benefit more fully from, conservation enterprises, tourism and other Natural Resource based opportunities appropriate to semi-arid regions of the country.
MAIN OBJECTIVES & ACTIVITIES OF WILD
The overall aim of the WILD Programme in each Project Area is to complement existing efforts in community-led conservation and sustainable natural resource management in support of conservation, sustainable rural development and livelihood improvement.
The WILD Programme aims to achieve these goals through the following steps and outputs:
1.Comprehensive stakeholder engagement and buy-in from Beneficiary Communities, local stakeholders and relevant authorities at local, provincial and national level to establish a solid mandate for WILD to operate in establishment of a community conservancy and ancillary activities.
2.Development of comprehensive institutional frameworks and operating procedures to ensure sustainable management with proactive community ownership and participation in the conservation-based enterprise.
3.Establishment of a community-owned wildlife / conservation product.
WILD provides the technical supervision and inputs to establish the infrastructure, vehicles, equipment, management structures, communications systems, security framework, administration and other inputs necessary for effective wildlife reintroduction and ecosystem rehabilitation, management and protection within the specific Community Wildlife Conservancy (CWC).
4.Sustainable commercialisation of the wildlife product through facilitation of suitable Private-Public-Community-Partnerships (PPCPs).
5.Environment Education Programme
WILD will establish a bush-school / eco-training facility in each of its project areas to train school kids and teachers in environmental science and conservation.
Each Community Conservancy established under WILD also employs a full-time community liaison and environment education officer (CLO) who is mobile within the community.
6.Promotion of ancillary revenue streams from other Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPs), arts and crafts
7.Promotion of improved natural resource management and utilisation under traditional land use activities.
Matibi-2 Communal Land, Chiredzi District, Masvingo Province, Zimbabwe
Naivasha is a pristine, unsettled communal wildlife area - falling under the Traditional Leadership of Chief Sengwe - with potential to be a flag-ship for large-scale community-led conservation within the GL-TFCA.
Mahenye Communal Land, Chipinge District, Manicaland Province, Zimbabwe
With its rich history of proactive community participation in CAMPFIRE and CBNRM, the Jamanda CWC in Mahenya Ward of Chipinge District is one of the most exciting Community Conservation projects in Africa, driven by the community for the good of the community, conservation, development and sustainability.
Nyaminyami District, Mashonaland West Province, Zimbabwe
With co-funding support from Carbon Green Africa and the Kariba REDD+ Programme and the specific challenges and opportunities relating to the area’s proximity to Lake Kariba, the inclusion of this project site brings valuable expertise & exciting new dimensions of CBNRMU to the WILD Programme.