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Supporting Community-led Conservation in the Great-Limpopo Trans-Frontier Conservation Area

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The Great Limpopo Trans-Frontier Conservation Area (GL-TFCA) is a very large  international biosphere spanning international borders between Zimbabwe, Mozambique and South Africa and was officially formed through a trilateral treaty signed by the heads of state for the three countries on 9th December 2002.


At over 100,000 km2 in extent (or slightly larger than Portugal), the GL-TFCA links and encompasses a number of important and iconic National Parks across the three countries - from Gonarezhou National Park in Zimbabwe to Kruger National Park in South Africa and Limpopo, Banhine and Zinave National Parks in Mozambique – as well as  the inter-joining private, state and community-owned conservation, farming and safari hunting areas which provide all-important wildlife & tourism corridors and ecological contiguity between the core wildlife areas in the three countries.


The Conservation & Socio-Economic importance of the GL-TFCA

As well as rehabilitating and conserving large, unique landscapes, habitats, water catchments and wetlands of outstanding conservation importance, the GL-TFCA contains the second largest contiguous population of African Elephant as well as globally significant populations of African Wild Dog, Southern White Rhino, four out of the last nine IUCN Key 1 populations of Black Rhino remaining in Africa.


Over and  above the  re-establishment of critical wildlife migration routes, TFCAs are about co-existence of humans in nature;  holistic integration of livestock, crops & wildlife; coordinating regional efforts towards poverty alleviation & biodiversity conservation;  coordinating regional campaigns against  the illegal wildlife trade; promoting regional peace & stability - all while stimulating local enterprise, prosperity, education and livelihoods through nature conservation as a sustainable land-use option.


The establishment of TFCAs is an exciting approach to jointly manage natural resources across political boundaries. It is a process that requires multilateral partnerships between governments, communities, donors and the private sector – in a balance that will ensure sustainability, peace & stability for generations to come.


The TFCA initiative presents a realistic framework and opportunity for communities to positively engage in, and benefit from, conservation-based tourism – for improved socio-economic and ecological resilience and development.


SAT-WILD and our partners are passionately committed to realisation of the

GL-TFCA dream and to fully engage with and co-create a progressive future with indigenous communities along the way.

Elephants grazing in Tembwahata Pan, Gonarezhou National Park

Photo (C) WILD Afirica.org


Map of the Great Limpopo TFCA

Courtesy Peace Parks Foundation